Also known as periodontitis, periodontal disease, and pyria, periodontal gum disease is a progressive disease that may lead to tooth loss if it is left untreated. It begins when the gingival tissues which are responsible for supporting the teeth become irritated and inflamed. The inflammation is caused by plaque toxins which create a bacterial infection. When this bacterial infection arises, deep pockets between the teeth and gums form.
Early Treatment is Crucial
The effects of the bacterial infection can be reversed if periodontal gum disease is treated in time. If the infection progresses, the gums and underlying jawbone may deteriorate and eventually cause the teeth to fall out. In severe cases, the bacteria from this infection can make its way through the bloodstream and into other areas of the body. Therefore, early detection and treatment is a must.
Risk Factors and Symptoms
Smokers as well as those who practice poor hygiene or are stressed, diabetic, pregnant or going through menopause, are at a higher risk for developing this condition. Unfortunately, symptoms of periodontitis are not noticeable until the condition advances. These symptoms include persistent bad breath, discomfort while chewing, swollen or red gums, tender or bleeding gums, sensitive teeth, or loose teeth.
Who Gets Periodontal Gum Disease?
Most people do not display any signs of gum disease until they are in their 40s. However, if you are in your 20s or 30s and diagnosed with periodontal gum disease, do not worry. You can treat it by visiting a highly skilled Raleigh dentist at Lane & Associates.
If you are in your 20s or 30s and diagnosed with periodontal gum disease, a number of treatment options may be recommended and performed by your dentist. The most common treatment is called scaling and root planing. Scaling and root planing involves scraping off the plaque from above and below the gum line in addition to getting rid of rough areas on the root of the tooth.
Medications and procedures such as flap surgery or a bone or tissue graft may be suggested as well. Your treatment plan will depend on the severity of your condition, certain risk factors, and your ability to follow a prescribed at-home regimen.